Lecture Notes on Sumer


(32 pages required)

They overlap to a fair extent. Focus on the pages that are indicated. If no page is indicated, the reading is not required. (However, it is on the list for a reason...). (33 pages required)

  • * Algaze, Guillermo. "The Sumerian Takeoff".  Pages 343-349 are on methodology and can be skipped. Focus on 350-368. Much overlap with the other articles.
  • * Ur, Jason (2010). "Southern Mesopotamia," text. He is an archeologist and very careful about the inference from the evidence. Very healthy reading. Focus on Sections 3 and 4 (540-545).
  • Ur, Jason (2010). "Cycles of Civilization in Northern Mesopotamia, 4400-2000 BC," text. Optional, more specialized (for us). Some of the content is incorporated in the lecture notes.
  • Garfinkle, Joe (2013). "Ancient Near Eastern City-States", Peter Fibiger Bang and Walter Scheidel, eds, chapter 3 in The Oxford Handbook of the state in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean. Optional.

Article today in the ABC (Madrid, conservative newspaper) on the 450 years of the "Spanish Road". One can click on "translate" for a fairly good translation, except for "Tercios" that is the technical term for the Spanish infantry that was the best of Europe at that time.